*consider the importance of place in the novel.
*analyse symbolism, motifs and settings.
We then summarised the importance of one setting within The Great Gatsby, in 23 words.
"The two eggs are of vital importance in the novel as they show the effects of the economic changes that have taken place"
We then looked at an extract from David Lodge, in which he explained the changes of the function of setting and the importance it has. After, we came up with our own ideas:
- Novelists make the readers "see" the setting through vivid descriptions, this is fairly new in novels.
- Setting can reflect characters and can emphasise their feelings, moods.
- Settings have equal importance to characters. Are just as animated as characters.
- Can also reflect themes, events, social context.
Symbol: an image that stands for something bigger (idea, belief, feeling)
Motif: recurring word, phrase, image, object or idea that runs through a text. Motifs are part of the structure of a novel and can be used to develop themes.
Themes: an ida/concept/ issue that runs throughout. We might see this as what the story is 'about'. Themes might be seen through motifs.
In groups, we then began to look at different objects, analysing what they could symbolise.
- new wealth
- feeling of empowerment
- 'fallic' representation
- direction/ lack of
- society becoming mechanical/ robotic
- overtaking romanticism
- mobility (social)
- Nick's observant behaviour
- Fitzgerald's detailed writing
- hidden truth
- change in social mobility
- new life
- damage to land
- grey = modernity taking over
What is symbolic realism?
Symbolic realism is when an object/idea/concept is taken from the real world and transformed into something else, something magical.
In partners, we then focused on a setting and the symbol behind that.
Me and Jack looked at 'The Valley of Ashes':
colour: grey, dull, monotonous.
symbolic realism: the Valley of Ashes can be seen as the lost world between the two eggs. The image created can also forebode the dark times of what is to come, the wall street crash, a time of unexpected bleak sadness.
repeated images: ash-grey men, grey cars, grey land.
mood and atmosphere (nick): Nick sees the valley of ashes as the full extent of modernism. This is the effect of industrialisation.
style - (romantic modernism): The description of the Valley of Ashes lacks romantic language, as modernism has taken over.
contrasts with other settings: The Valley of Ashes, compared to other settings lacks a sense of romanticism. It is very bland and opens Nick's eyes to an unfamilar sight.